Publishing ethics (As per COPE Guidelines)

Ethical standards for publication of an article in Asian Journal of Conservation Biology (AJCB) is an essential building block to ensure high-quality scientific publications, increasing public trust in scientific findings and development of a reliable network of knowledge. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.

Copyright constrains

Manuscripts submitted to journal should not been already published, presented and submitted elsewhere. It is unethical to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. If manuscript published already then the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the author(s). Publisher will get all copyright of the paper when that paper accepted for publication.


Authors will be asked, upon acceptance of an article, to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher. This will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information under copyright laws.


It is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain written permission for a quotation from unpublished material, or for all quotations in excess of 250 words in one extract or 500 words in total from any work still in copyright, and for the reprinting of figures, or tables from unpublished or copyrighted material. For the research where permission is necessary, it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain all necessary permission from the concerned authorities.

Reproducibility, Fabrication, Plagiarism and falsification of data

Authors must report their work accurately and precisely in order to be reproduced by other researchers independently. Data fabrication means that the researcher did not actually perform the study but instead made up data. Data falsification means that the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data. Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics. AJCB will follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data. Plagiarism and falsification in any parts of the submitted paper are serious offences to the scientific community and must strictly be avoided.

Redundant publications

This means publishing many very similar manuscripts based on the same experiment. It can make readers less likely to pay attention to your manuscripts, which must be avoided.

Authorship and responsibility

The co-authors should be limited to those who have sufficiently contributed to the content of the work in responsible and accountable manners. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. In order to publish a paper in AJCB, it is necessary that all authors must sign the Authors’ declaration form upon acceptance of a manuscript for publication in AJCB.

Conflict of Interest

Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior. Authors must disclose conflicts of interest and state all funding sources that have supported the work.

Peer- review process

AJCB is a double blind peer-reviewed international journal. Peer reviewers are expected to agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise for proper assessment and respect the confidentiality of peer review and not reveal any details of a manuscript or its review, during or after the peer-review process, beyond those that are released by the journal. All the reviewers of AJCB are requested to follow the COPE guidelines of peer-review.


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. The corrected proof along with the edited manuscript should be returned to the Publisher within seven days of receipt by email.

Citations manipulation

Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts. Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Irrelevant self citation to increase one's citation is unethical. Unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of 'increasing' the articles' citation is unethical. Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to “increase” the journals citation is unethical.

Acknowledgement of sources

Proper acknowledgement of all the contributions, all the collaborators and relevant sources is a good practice. If funding has been provided for publication of article; all sources of funding must be declared. This declaration with the heading 'Role of the funding source' should be made in a separate section of the text in the manuscript and placed before the References. Authors must describe the role of the research sponsors, if any, in research design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication.

[AJCB will review and update this ethical policy periodically]

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